William Brown works in his office at Xiamen University in Xiamen, southeast China's Fujian Province, June 14, 2018. (Xinhua/Zhang Guojun)
A year later, Brown bought a van. He and his family drove over 40,000 km around China for three months in 1994.
On the trip from the Gobi Desert to Tibet, the Brown family saw China was changing in every corner. Newly built roads lead to inland places like Gansu Province and Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, where schools and hospitals were built in rural areas.
"It may seem strange to foreigners that the government 'wasted' so much money on infrastructure in such poor places, but I saw that the government had a very long-term perspective. As the saying goes, 'Give a fish, eat one day; teach to fish, eat for a lifetime," Brown said. "Because of the global-level infrastructure, China gradually lifts the poor out of poverty."
In 2002, Brown spent eight months preparing a presentation assisting Xiamen's bid to win the title of International Garden City.
As Xiamen's spokesperson, Brown told the judges in Stuttgart, Germany, that in the 14 years since he arrived in the city, he had witnessed how Xiamen transform into one of the most livable cities in the world, with a unique balance in growth and greening. Xiamen later won the honor.
Now besides teaching, Brown is committed to developing English language websites and has published more than 10 books about Xiamen and Fujian Province.
Once, when he walked into a bookstore, he found young students reading his books with dictionaries in their hands. "The young people love their city and wanted to know a foreigner's perspective on it," Brown said.
With the awareness, he started publishing his books bilingually, in both Chinese and English, starting with Discover Gulangyu. The small island in Xiamen, known as "The richest square mile on earth" 100 years ago, was added to the UNESCO World Heritage List in July 2017 for its cultural history and historic buildings.
Brown was excited when Xiamen hosted the BRICS Summit from Sept. 3 to 5, 2017. In his opinion, China has achieved the great changes because of the reform and opening-up policies since 1978. The country has learned much from the world but, today, the world also has much to learn from China, such as its bullet trains.
"The first time I took a bullet train was from Xiamen to Fuzhou [capital city of Fujian Province] with my wife and sons. It was so fast and so smooth that we did not feel like we were traveling at all! It is amazing that China now has one of the best highway and rail systems in the world," he said.
Brown is an Alipay user. "It is so convenient; I'm amazed why the rest of the world has not learned from Alipay and WeChat and developed similar applications. It just shows that China has not only caught up with the rest of the world but surpassed it!" he said.
Every time someone says Xiamen is Brown's second hometown, he corrects them immediately. "Xiamen is my first hometown because, in the U.S., the longest I lived in one place was seven years but I've lived in Xiamen for 30 years."
When asked about his future, Brown smiles and says, "I'm staying in Xiamen!"
"China is so charming," he said, "and with continued reform and opening up, I cannot even imagine what it will be like in the next 40 years. I want to stay and be a part of it."