China published a white paper (Full Text) on its Arctic policy Friday, pledging cooperative governance and elaborating a vision of "Polar Silk Road."
"China, as a responsible major country, is ready to cooperate with all relevant parties to seize the historic opportunity in the development of the Arctic, to address the challenges brought by the changes in the region," said the white paper issued by the State Council Information Office.
The country would like to "jointly understand, protect, develop and participate in the governance of the Arctic, and advance Arctic-related cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative," according to the white paper.
The Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st-century Maritime Silk Road (Belt and Road Initiative), an important cooperation initiative of China, will bring opportunities for parties concerned to jointly build a "Polar Silk Road," and facilitate connectivity and sustainable economic and social development of the Arctic, the white paper noted.
China vowed to participate in Arctic affairs in accordance with the basic principles of "respect, cooperation, win-win result and sustainability."
"While pursuing its own interests, China will pay due regard to the interests of other countries and the broader international community," it said.
Being committed to the existing framework of international law and rules, China would like to build and maintain "a just, reasonable and well-organized Arctic governance system."
China will also regulate and manage Arctic-related affairs and activities within its jurisdiction in accordance with the law, steadily enhance its ability to understand, protect and develop the Arctic, and actively participate in international cooperation in Arctic affairs.
The land territories in the Arctic cover an area of about 8 million square km, whose sovereignty belongs to Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States, while the Arctic Ocean has an area of more than 12 million square km, in which coastal and other countries share maritime rights and interests according to international law.
POLAR SILK ROAD
China hopes to work with all parties to build a "Polar Silk Road" through developing the Arctic shipping routes, according to the white paper.
Chinese enterprises are encouraged to participate in infrastructure development for these routes and conduct commercial trial voyages in line with the law for their commercial and regularized operation.
Great importance will be placed to navigation security. The country has actively conducted studies on these routes and continuously strengthened hydrographic surveys to improve navigation, security and logistical capacities in the Arctic.
China also eyes development of oil, gas, mineral resources and other non-fossil energies, fishing and tourism in the region, jointly with Arctic States, while respecting traditions and cultures of the Arctic residents including the indigenous peoples and conserving natural environment.
The white paper promised that more effort will be made to promote scientific research and environmental protection in the Arctic.
"China stands for steadily advancing international cooperation on the Arctic," the white paper said.
The priorities of such cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative will be policy coordination, infrastructure connectivity, unimpeded trade, financial integration, and closer people-to-people ties.
Concrete steps can be made to coordinate development strategies with the Arctic States, encourage joint efforts to build a blue economic passage linking China and Europe via the Arctic Ocean, enhance Arctic digital connectivity, and build a global infrastructure network.
China calls for the peaceful utilization of the Arctic and commits itself to maintaining peace and stability in the region, according to the white paper.
China supports peaceful settlement of disputes over territory and maritime rights and interests in line with such treaties as the UN Charter and the UNCLOS and general international law, and strives to reinforce cooperation with the Arctic States in maritime and air search and rescue, maritime early warning, emergency response, and information sharing.
China's Belt and Road Initiative will bring opportunities for parties concerned to jointly build a "Polar Silk Road", and facilitate connectivity and sustainable economic and social development of the Arctic, said a whitepaper issued on Friday.
The document titled China's Arctic Policy by the State Council Information Office underscored that China has shared interests with Arctic States and a shared future with the rest of the world in the Arctic.
A white paper issued by China's State Council Information Office on Friday said that the international community faces the same threat and shares the same future in addressing global issues concerning the Arctic.
According to the white paper, titled "China's Arctic Policy," temperature has been rising continuously in the Arctic over the past three decades, resulting in diminishing sea ice in summer.
China will work to safeguard the common interests of all countries and the international community in the Arctic, and promote sustainable development of the Arctic, according to a white paper issued Friday by the State Council Information Office.
China's policy goals on the Arctic are to understand, protect, develop and participate in the governance of the Arctic, it said.
China will participate in Arctic affairs in accordance with the basic principles of "respect, cooperation, win-win result and sustainability," according to a white paper issued Friday by the State Council Information Office.
"Respect" is the key basis for China's participation in Arctic affairs.Respect should be reciprocal. It means all States should abide by international treaties such as the UN Charter and the UNCLOS, as well as general international law, it said.
China underscores the importance of environmental protection, rational utilization, law-based governance and international cooperation, when participating in Arctic affairs, according to a white paper.
China commits itself to maintaining a peaceful, secure and stable Arctic order, said the document titled "China's Arctic Policy," issued by the State Council Information Office on Friday.
China called for steadily advancing international cooperation on the Arctic in a white paper on its Arctic policy released on Friday.
The country has worked to strengthen such cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative according to the principle of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits and emphasized policy coordination, infrastructure connectivity, unimpeded trade, financial integration, and closer people-to-people ties, said the report issued by the State Council Information Office.
China takes an active part in addressing the challenges of environmental and climate change in the Arctic, a white paper said on Friday.
China follows international law in the protection of ecosystem of the Arctic and conservation of its biological resources, according to the document titled "China's Arctic Policy," issued by the State Council Information Office.