A panoramic view of Shiquanhe town, the administrative center of Gar county and Ngari prefecture, Tibet autonomous region. (Photo Provided to China Daily)
China issued a white paper about ecological progress on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, which is a key eco-safety barrier in China and Asia, and a focus of the country's drive to promote ecological progress.
"The Communist Party of China and the Chinese government have taken ecological conservation as a top priority, and regard protection of the Plateau as a vital task for China's survival and development," said the white paper published by the State Council Information Office, titled "Ecological Progress on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau."
Now a system in this regard is being improved step by step on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, with solid achievements in improving ecological conservation and environment quality, it said.
Steady growth has been witnessed in the local green industry with a system of technological support in place, and an eco-culture is taking shape to showcase the Plateau's exemplary role in ecological development, it added.
Located in southwest China, the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau covers the entire Tibet Autonomous Region and Qinghai Province, in addition to parts of Sichuan, Yunnan, Gansu and Xinjiang.
It is about 2.6 million square km in area and most of it lies at an altitude of more than 4,000 meters above sea level.
Hailed as the "roof of the world," the "third pole" and the "water tower of Asia," the Plateau is a natural habitat for rare animals and a gene pool of plateau life.
"The Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has a low intensity of human activity. The air quality is little impacted, the types of pollutants are few and the density is low, and the content of pollutants is similar to those at the North Pole," said the white paper, titled "Ecological Progress on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau."
"The nature reserves established have effectively protected the rare and endangered wildlife unique to the Plateau as well as their habitats," said the white paper, titled Ecological Progress on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, issued by the State Council Information Office.
"China has initiated a series of ecological compensation mechanisms, including transfer payments to key ecological function zones, forest ecological benefit compensation, grassland ecological protection subsidy and reward, and wetland ecological benefit compensation," said the white paper, titled "Ecological Progress on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau."
Green production has begun to take shape on the plateau, said the white paper, noting that provinces and autonomous regions on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau are committed to an eco-friendly path to economic growth involving low and intensive utilization of resources.
To monitor eco-environmental changes on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, China has set up a relatively complete monitoring and early-warning system, said a white paper released by the State Council Information Office on Wednesday.
"With advances in ecological conservation on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, there has been a profound change in how people think and live," said the white paper, titled Ecological Progress on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau.