China's yuan fell against the U.S. dollar on Monday, weakening beyond the key seven-per-U.S. dollar level for the first time in more than a decade, but it remains strong and steady against a basket of currencies, according to the country's central bank.
Dragged by unilateralism, trade protectionist measures and the expectation of additional tariffs on Chinese goods, yuan plunged beyond seven per U.S. dollar but remained stable and strong against a basket of currencies. This is a reflection of normal fluctuations in the supply-demand relationship and the international currency market, the People's Bank of China (PBOC) noted.
After opening the onshore session at 6.9999 per U.S. dollar, the yuan had weakened to 7.0240 per U.S. dollar by 0155 GMT, the first time it had breached the seven-per-dollar level since May 9, 2008.
The offshore yuan also slumped, hitting a record low against the dollar of 7.1094 before rebounding to 7.0655 around 0200 GMT.
Tides ebb and flow
"The figure seven is not our days that leave us, never to return, or a dam that will roll non-stop when the water floods in. It's more like the water level in the reservoir, it rises and falls during different periods," PBOC said in a statement.
Despite recent softening against the U.S. dollar, yuan has generally been appreciating historically. In the past 20 years, yuan's nominal and real effective exchange rates calculated by the bank for International Settlements have surged by about 30 percent, and its exchange rate against the U.S. dollar has appreciated by 20 percent, acting as the strongest currency among the major international currencies.
Since this year, China's currency has maintained its stable position in the international monetary system and been basically stable and strong against a basket of currencies, with the CFETS (China Foreign Exchange Trade System) yuan exchange rate composite index, which measures the yuan's strength relative to a basket of currencies, up 0.3 percent.
Yuan assets stay undervalued
"Advanced economies such as the EU and U.S. have successively turned to easy monetary policies, China is the only major economy that adheres to the normal monetary policy. The valuation of yuan assets is still low and the stability is correspondingly stronger. China is expected to become a value player for global funding," added PBOC.
China's current economic fundamentals are solid from the macro perspective, commented PBOC, adding marked results have been gained in terms of economic structural adjustment and economic growth has so far remained resilient, with overall steadiness in a slew of key indicators from the likes of macro leverage ratio, cross-border capital flows, foreign exchange reserves, and financial risks.
"All of these have provided fundamental support to the stability of yuan's exchange rate, we have the experience, confidence and capability of keeping the yuan's exchange rate stable at a reasonable and balanced level," said the central bank.