Yangshao Village Site was discovered in Mianchi County, Henan Province in 1921. The first excavation on the site marked the birth of Chinese archaeology. The name of China's first-known archaeological culture, the Yangshao Culture, was also derived from the site. Yangshao Culture, which can be traced back to 5,000 to 3,000 BC, is a Neolithic culture that existed extensively along the Yellow River.Yangshao pottery is so distinct that the culture itself is often referred to as the "Painted-pottery Culture."
Yangshao Culture is considered as an important stream of Chinese civilization.
Yangshao Culture was the first integration of Chinese prehistoric culture.