Shanghai government plans to battle air pollution by building more parks in the city, and ban polluting vehicles and factories from next year.
It will also try to limit dusts from construction sites, the environment watchdog said yesterday.
The average density of PM2.5, the microscopic particles that penetrate deep into the lungs, this year was 51 micrograms per cubic meter, the same as in 2014 and a 15 percent drop from 2013, the Shanghai Environmental Protection Bureau said in a report to the city's legislators.
The city will promote environmental friendly energies and electric vehicles next year, the report said. It plans to have 27 square kilometers of new forest area and 12 square kilometers of parks and green lands by the end of 2016. This year, the city planted 10 square kilometers of green lands, 67 square kilometers converted into forest land and parks.
A monitoring system to supervise flying dust from construction sites, docks and roads will be set up next year.
About 2,000 highly polluting factories will be asked to improve their facilities while old and highly polluting cars will be taken off the roads. The city government will cooperate with the governments of other Yangtze Delta cities to monitor car emissions.
The report also raised concerns over water pollution in local rivers and creeks. Over half of Shanghai's rivers and lakes are heavily polluted and much of their soil beds seriously contaminated.
About 60 percent of local surface water was below Grade V, the worst of five water quality levels.
The government will enhance the protections of the city tap water sources, and then renovate water treatment plants and pump stations to treat waste water. The city's stock farming industries will also be monitored. Authorities will encourage farmers to recycle animal wastes for agricultural cultivation, the report said.