Businesses and economists expect the new meeting of senior officials from Beijing and Washington to generate positive outcomes that not only will enable the two countries to avoid a trade war but also put the commercial relationship of the world's two largest economies on a more solid footing.
President Xi Jinping's special envoy, Vice-Premier Liu He, arrived in Washington on Tuesday for economic and trade consultations at the invitation of the U.S. government.
Liu, also a member of the Political Bureau of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, led a delegation whose members come from major economic sectors of the Chinese government.
The delegation members include Governor of the People's Bank of China Yi Gang, Vice-Chairman of the National Development and Reform Commission Ning Jizhe, Deputy Director of the Office of the Central Commission for Financial and Economic Affairs Liao Min, Vice-Foreign Minister Zheng Zeguang, Vice-Minister of Industry and Information Technology Luo Wen, Vice-Finance Minister Zhu Guangyao, Vice-Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs Han Jun and Vice-Minister of Commerce and Deputy International Trade Representative Wang Shouwen.
Robin Xing, chief China economist at Morgan Stanley, said that while there still are risks and uncertainties that bear watching, negotiation and deescalation of tensions will likely be the endgame for the two countries.
"We maintain our longstanding view that the U.S. and China will eventually negotiate a deal that will bring about a gradual and nondisruptive adjustment in the trade relationship, thereby limiting the impact of trade friction on economic growth," he said in a research note.
"Assuming the U.S. does implement tariff hikes on $50 billion worth of goods from China, we believe the impact on China's growth could be partly cushioned by resilient global growth on the back of strong investment and improving productivity growth," he said.
U.S. businesses have voiced opposition to the proposed tariffs on $150 billion in Chinese imports announced by U.S. President Donald Trump's administration.
The office of the U.S. Trade Representative started a three-day hearing on Tuesday about the tariffs proposed under the Section 301 of the U.S. Trade Act of 1974, following an investigation into China's intellectual property practices. More than 2,700 comments were received.
Apple Inc Chief Executive Tim Cook said in a recent White House meeting with Trump that he opposed the administration's approach on trade with China, according to a report by Bloomberg.
Cook said his message focused on how cooperation can boost the economy more than nations acting alone.
Jeremie Waterman, president of the China Center of the U.S. Chamber of Commerce, said, "We welcome Chinese companies as very capable and powerful competitors. ... We don't think adding tariffs on Chinese products will benefit U.S. businesses."
The National Retail Federation, whose members include department stores, independent retailers, chain restaurants and grocery stores, also has opposed Trump's tariffs.
David French, senior vice-president of the federation, was to testify on Wednesday about the difficulties associated with readjusting an existing supply chain.
"It's not as simple as flicking a switch and moving to another country," he told Inc. magazine. "Some countries don't have the port capacity to serve a market as large as the U.S., so even if you could find the manufacturing capacity, it could take longer to get it onto a container ship," French said.