The Communist Party of China Central Committee proposed listing the supervisory commissions as a new type of state organs in the country's Constitution.
The proposal on the amendment to the Constitution was made public Sunday.
According to the document, supervisory organs will be listed together with administrative, judicial and procuratorial organs of the State, all of which are created by the people's congresses to which they are responsible and by which they are supervised.
A new section about supervisory commissions is proposed to be added to the third chapter titled "The Structure of the State" in the Constitution.
The country sets up the national and local supervisory commissions, according to the document.
A supervisory commission will consist of one director, several deputy directors and a number of members. The director will serve the same term as that of the people's congress of the same level.
The director of the national supervisory commission shall serve no more than two consecutive terms.
The organization, functions and powers of supervisory commissions are prescribed by law.
As the supreme supervisory organ, the national supervisory commission will oversee local commissions and answer to the National People's Congress (NPC) and its standing committee.
The supervisory commissions at higher levels will lead the commissions at lower levels.
Local supervisory commissions at various levels will be responsible to the state power organs that created them and to the supervisory commission at the next level up.
The supervisory commissions will independently exercise their power of supervision and not be subject to interference by any administrative organ, public organization or individual, said the proposal.
It also asked the supervisory organs to coordinate with judicial organs, procuratorial organs and law enforcement departments and check each other in handling duty-related offenses.
The NPC will be given the power to elect and remove the director of the national supervisory commission, while the NPC Standing Committee shall supervise the national supervisory commission and appoint or remove deputy directors and members of the commission at the recommendation of its director.
Local people's congresses at and above county level will elect and have the power to remove the directors of the supervisory commissions at the corresponding level, while their standing committees shall supervise the supervisory commissions at the corresponding level.
Members of the standing committees of the NPC and local peoples' congresses at and above county level shall not hold office in supervisory organs.
In addition, supervision will no longer be a duty for the State Council and local governments at and above county level, according to the proposal. (Updated)