The following is a selection of keywords related to China's foreign policy and their explanations:
A COMMUNITY OF SHARED FUTURE FOR ALL HUMANKIND
The report of the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China in November 2012 first proposed the concept of "a community of shared future for all humankind." Within the following four years, Chinese President Xi Jinping mentioned and illustrated the concept on various occasions.
In September 2015, Xi proposed the roadmap of building "a community of shared future for all humankind" at a United Nations (UN) summit. In January 2017, he further expounded his concept in a comprehensive, profound and systematic manner at the UN Office in Geneva.
By proposing the concept of "a community of shared future for all humankind" and a roadmap thereof, China has offered Chinese wisdom and the Chinese plan for solving major problems concerning the future of mankind.
According to Xi's vision, our future lies in the hands of all countries -- equally -- and all nations should pursue dialogue rather than confrontation with one another, and forge partnerships instead of alliances.
The concept has shown China's global view and responsibility as a big power, and is bound to leave its mark in international relations.
CHINA'S APPROACH ON NUCLEAR SECURITY
Xi first proposed a "sensible, coordinated and balanced approach" to nuclear security at the third Nuclear Security Summit in The Hague, the Netherlands in 2014.
At the summit, Xi called for the building of a global nuclear security architecture featuring fairness and win-win cooperation. Xi proposed equal emphasis on development and security, equal emphasis on rights and obligations, equal emphasis on independent and collaborative efforts and equal emphasis on treating symptoms and addressing causes.
At the Washington Nuclear Security Summit in 2016, Xi laid out a four-pronged proposal for the international community to make fresh and concerted efforts to strengthen the global nuclear security architecture, including increasing political input and tightening a line of defense that is sustainable.
The "Shanghai Spirit," as the founding values of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO), features mutual trust, mutual benefit, equality, consultation, respect for cultural diversity and pursuit of common development.
In 2001, the SCO came into being after Uzbekistan formally joined the Shanghai Five, which were China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia and Tajikistan at that time. The Shanghai Spirit then became the guideline for the SCO cooperation.
At the 15th SCO summit in the southwestern Russian city of Ufa, Xi called on the member states to uphold the "Shanghai Spirit" for common development.
Over the past 15 years, the "Shanghai Spirit" has become the foundation of the SCO for its existence and growth, and the spirit represents the direction of contemporary international relations, Xi said.