China's registered permanent urban residents rose to 41.2 percent of the total population in 2016, after easing of "hukou" (household registration) policy, the Ministry of Public Security announced Thursday.
In 2015, only 39.9 percent of the population held urban status and the current urbanization drive is aiming for 45 percent by 2020.
At a video conference held on Thursday, the ministry of public security called for a more reasonable points system and for registration in most cities for students and migrant workers to become easier still.
The government is gradually bringing the unregistered population into the hukou system, including orphans, second children born illegally during the one-child policy and the homeless.
Last year, more than 1.43 million people formerly without hukou were registered, the ministry said.
Various benefits such as health care and education are based on hukou, and are supposed to be in line with long-term places of work and residence.