Smog stalling return of overseas Chinese2013-11-21 08:36 Xinhua Web Editor: Mo Hong'e
A kite flies over the smog-shrouded Bund area in Shanghai, east China, Nov. 7, 2013. (Xinhua/Lai Xinlin)
Experts have warned that China's frequent smog may deter overseas Chinese from returning, as the start of the heating season in the north of the country risks worsening the problem.
Many northern Chinese cities officially turned on public heating last Friday, pressurizing the government as it tries to fight smog by reducing consumption of coal.
With the pollution battle entering this make-or-break period, Xinhua spoke to a range of Chinese with both atmospheric expertise and experience of living abroad. They made the gravity of the problem as clear as a blue-sky day.
Lin Yanluan, an associate professor at Tsinghua University's Center for Earth System Science, returned to China in 2012 after 11 years in the United States.
Lin heard about China's air pollution before he returned but never expected it to be so serious. The 40-year-old said, "Many people around me have respiratory diseases that may be related to the air pollution. I hardly ever play basketball outdoors now."
One of Lin's friends in the United States posted a blog to express his concern. "He wanted to return and develop his career, but he was worried the health of his child would be affected by smoggy weather," explained Lin.
"Weather exerts a strong influence on smog. It seems that you only see blue skies in Beijing when there is wind to blow away the smog," he added.
WHAT TO BLAME
Seventy of the 74 Chinese cities monitored by the Ministry of Environmental Protection suffered from air pollution in the third quarter of this year, the ministry announced recently. In the case of 15 of them, more than half the 92 days failed to meet the ministry's atmospheric standards.
Wu Qiong, 26, is an overseas student in Pittsburgh. For her, China's air pollution was rammed home when she compared images of the giant rubber duck artwork that had been touring the world. In Pittsburgh, it floated under white clouds, Wu remembered. But in Beijing, everything was shrouded in grayness.
"My friends and I are concerned with poor air quality in China. Besides job opportunities, it could be said that lingering smog has already become a new factor to consider when overseas Chinese decide whether or not to come back," she said.
Tackling smog has been put on the agenda of Chinese governments at all levels, and has become a hot topic for academic seminars as well as household discussions.